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European Roulette Guide

This simple game of chance is the most glamorous of all casino games. A croupier spins a 37 pocket wheel that has red and black colored sections marked from 1 to 36 and a green pocket marked 0. A ball dropped onto the spinning wheel, falls into one of the marked pockets is dropped. Bets are placed on the where the ball will rest.

How to Play European Roulette

The European Roulette wheel is only slightly different from the American wheel and has thirty-seven numbered pockets. These pockets are numbered one to thirty-six and there is also a zero. The pockets are red and black alternatively and the zero is colored green. When the wheel spins, a ball is dropped onto it spinning it in the opposite direction. The players’ aim is to predict the outcome of a spin of the wheel and bet on that.

There are many bets in the European Roulette. In fact, European Roulette has more betting options than its American counterpart does. European Roulette has simple rules and regulations. Most importantly, the house edge which is 2.59% is much lower than American Roulette.

Roulette table comprises outside bets and inside bets. There are maximum and minimum table limits at each Roulette table. You are free to make your choice of bet. However, you cannot change your bets after the Roulette wheel is spun.

The minimum bet is $1 on both inside and outside bets. The maximum bet is $200 and $250 on inside and outside bets respectively. Click on the chips to select your bet. Click on the layout to place your bet. You can place multiple bets to increase your odds of winning. As soon as the croupier places the marker on the table, you can no longer place, collect or remove any bets that you may have placed.

Click on the ‘Spin’ button to set the wheel in motion. When the wheel stops, the winning number is displayed and you win or lose corresponding to the bet you placed.

You can repeat your bet using the ‘Repeat’ button or can clear your bet and place a new one. You can change your betting denominations or betting amount after every spin. In American Roulette, you can place multiple bets.

Inside Bets

Bet What it Means Payout Odds
Straight Up The winning number is the exact number that the bet has been placed on. For e.g.: If a bet is placed on the number 12 and the ball actually lands at the pocket marked 12, the straight up bet wins. 35:1
Split Bet The single bet is divided among two numbers. A split bet has to be placed on two adjoining numbers on the table – either vertically or horizontally. For e.g.: A split bet can be made on 13 and 14 horizontally or 13 and 16 or 14 and 17 vertically. To place the bet, you can click on the line between the two numbers. 17:1
Street Bet A street bet is a single bet divided across three numbers. The numbers have to necessarily be in one row. Clicking on the right edge of the table next to the numbers you want to select, will place your bet. For e.g.: 13, 14, 15 or 22, 23, 24. 11:1
Corner Bet Corner bet is a bet placed on four adjacent numbers. For e.g.: 1, 2, 4, 5 or 25, 26, 28, 29. 8:1
Corner Bet (0, 1, 2, 3) In this corner bet, the winning numbers have to be among 0, 1, 2 and 3. This bet can be placed by clicking on the right hand corner shared by 0 and 3. 8:1
Six Number Bet A single bet on six numbers is a six number bet. The bet can be placed on two adjacent rows of numbers. For e.g.: 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18. 5:1
Neighbor Bet If you bet on a number in the oval layout on the right hand side of the table, you will bet on five numbers in a go. Your bet will be on the number that you chose, two numbers that figure on the left of that number on the wheel and two numbers that figure on the right of that number on the wheel. For eg: if you place your bet on 1 in the oval layout, you will bet on 14, 20 (left side of 1 on the wheel) 33, 16 (right side of 1 on the wheel) and of course, 1. 35:1
Voisins de Zero This bet is made on the numbers which lie between 22 and 25 on the wheel including 22 and 25 themselves. The series is 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2 and 25. A total of nine chips are bet on a basic $1 bet. If the basic bet is increased, the number of chips increases in multiples of nine. On a $1 bet, $2 is bet on the 0, 2 and 3 trio, $1 is bet on the 4/7 split, $1 is bet on the 12/15 split, $1 is bet on the 18/21 split, $1 is bet on the 19/22 split, $2 is bet on the 25, 26, 28 and 29 corner and $1 is bet on the 32/35 split. 0, 2, 3 (11:1)
25, 26, 28, 29 (8:1)
4, 7, 12, 15, 18, 21, 19, 22, 32, 35 (17:1)
Tiers du Cylindre This is the name for the numbers which lie on the opposite side of the wheel between 27 and 33 including 27 and 33 themselves. The series is 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, and 33. It bets a total of six chips on a basic $1 bet. If you increase your basic bet, the total number of chips increases in multiples of six. On a $1 bet, $1 is bet on the 5/8 split, $1 is bet on the 10/11 split, $1 is bet on the 13/16 split, $1 is bet on the 23/24 split, $1 is bet on the 27/30 split and $1 is bet on the 33/36 split. 17:1
Orphans These numbers make up the two slices of the wheel outside the Tiers and Voisins. They contain a total of eight numbers, the Orphans comprising 17,34,6 and the Orphelins being 1, 20, 14, 31, and 9. A total of five chips are bet on a basic $1 bet. When the basic bet is increased, the chips increase in multiples of five. On a $1 bet, $1 is bet on 1, $1 is bet on the 6/9 split, $1 is bet on the 14/17 split, $1 is bet on the 17/20 split and $1 is bet on the 31/34 split. 1 (35:1)
6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 31, 34 (17:1)

Outside Bets

Bet What it Means Payout Odds
Red The winning number is red. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 30, 32, 34, 36 are the numbers that make up the red slots. 1:1
Black The winning number is black 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 31, 33, 35 are the numbers that make up the black slots. 1:1
Even The winning number is even. The even numbers on the American Roulette wheel are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36. 1:1
Odd The winning number is odd. The odd numbers on the American Roulette wheel are 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33 and 35. 1:1
First Twelve The winning number is among the first twelve (1-12) irrespective of the color. 2:1
Second Twelve The winning number is among the second twelve (13-24) irrespective of the color. 2:1
Third Twelve The winning number is among the third twelve (25-36) irrespective of the color. 2:1
1-18 The winning number is from 1-18 irrespective of the color. 1:1
19-36 The winning number is from 19-36 irrespective of the color. 1:1
2-1 Column There are three 2-1 columns. They are called so because their payout is 2:1. The first column has the numbers: 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31 and 34. The second column has the numbers: 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29, 32 and 35. The third column has the numbers: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33 and 36. 2:1

Note: 0 and 00 are neither odd nor even in American Roulette.

You Win When

The balls lands up on the number or color corresponding to your bet.

Strategy & Tips

Roulette is purely a game of chance and there is no way to beat the table. However, over the years, many players have devised systems which give an advantage to the player and increase the chances of winning. There are more than a dozen systems, but there are only a few that are commonly used and are most reliable. One of those is the Labouchere system.

The Labouchere System

This is a progression betting strategy that does not require the player to risk their stake. This strategy can be used if you have a predetermined amount of money that you wish to win. List a series of positive numbers that add up to the amount that you want to win. With each bet, stake an amount equal to the sum of the first and last numbers on your list. If only one number remains, that number is the amount of the stake. If your bet is successful, remove the two amounts from the list. In case the bet fails, move the amount lost to the end of the list. Continue this process until either the list is completely crossed out, at which point you have won the desired amount of money or you have run out of money to wager.

For e.g.: If you have decided to win $100 on European Roulette, make a list of positive numbers whose sum is $100.


Your first bet is 25 (5+20). If you win, cross out the first and the last numbers from your list


Your next bet will be 10 (5+5). However, if you lose, your new list will look something like 5+10+25+15+10+5+5+25 and your next bet will be 30 (5+25)


Roulette was first played in France, in the 18th century. It was then believed to be an amalgamation of several European games. The word Roulette literally means small wheel in French.

The original version of the game had both the 0 and the 00 bets and an American eagle. It was only in 1843 that two Frenchmen – François and Louis Blanc, introduced the single 0 style wheel which is now popular as European Roulette. This new wheel was invented to compete against other casinos offering the traditional wheel with both the single and the double zero pockets.

The German government abolished gambling in 1860 and the Blanc family which ran a gambling outfit in Germany decided to move to the last legal remaining casino operation in Europe at Monte Carlo. It was here that they established a gambling empire for the elite of Europe. The signature game of the Blanc family – the single 0 game became popular. Over the years, European Roulette spread to the rest of the world. However, in the United States the original double zero wheel remained popular.


European Roulette is much more fun when you understand the terms used in the game. Below are common terms that you will come across while playing European Roulette.

Backtrack – Also known as the Ball Track, this is the outer rim of the wheel where the ball spins.

Biased Numbers – If a wheel is rigged or biased, certain numbers will keep appearing again and again. This is known as Biased Numbers.

Biased Wheels – A Biased wheel is an imperfect roulette wheel which causes some numbers to appear more than the others, most often beating all probabilities.

Big Number – If a number hits more often than is allowed by probability, it is theoretically flawed and is called a Big Number. It is most often indicative of a biased wheel.

Black action – The black chips are the most revered in the online casino games. When a player bets with a black chip worth $100, it is called a Black Action.

Black Bet – Wagering on the color black or a number that has the color black.

Bottom Track – The inner area of the Roulette wheel which slopes and remains stationary. The ball slides into the Bottom Track before bouncing from the wheel onto the pocket

Carre’ – French for corner bet

Chasing Losses – To increase bets continuously so that the money that is lost can be won back. This is not always the best way to go about the game.

Check Rack -The chip tray that holds the chips.

Cheval – French for Split bet

Choppy game – A game without a consistent streak.

Croupier – Casino employee who operates the roulette table

Dozen bet – A bet on any of the three sets of twelve numbers.

Fibonacci Betting System – A strategy where the bet is placed on a progressive combination of numbers

House Edge – It is estimated as the difference between true odds and the actual pay outs that the casino makes. It is the advantage that is offered to the casino or the game operator on each game.

High Bet – Betting on numbers from 19 to 36

Inside bet – Bets on or between numbers in the boxes of the layout.

Low Bet – Betting on numbers from 1 to 8

Orphelins (Orphans) – Bet on specific number of three, which are laid out close together on the wheel, but are actually far apart on the Roulette table layout, namely 17, 34, 6, 1, 20, 31, 14 and 9.

Outside bet – Bets with even money – black/red, high/low, odd/even.

Parlay – Placing a bet on the table and leaving it along with an added new bet for the next spin.

Payout or Pay Out – Amount that the player wins from the casino.

Red bet – Wagering on the color red or a number that has the color red.

Reds – $5 chips issued by the casino.

Roulette layout – The numbered grids and colors on the Roulette table where players can place their bets.

Roulette table – A table that has the Roulette layout and the wheel.

Single zero roulette – European roulette

Sixainne – French for six line bet

Split bet – Bet on two numbers together

Straight bet – Bet on just one number. Betting in this manner gives the player a higher pay out, in case he wins

Street bet – Bets on three numbers

Surrender rule – En prison rule.

Transversale – French for Street bet

Voisins du Zero – French for a group of numbers on the roulette wheel which are close to the 0

Visual Wheel Tracking – The ability to foretell where the ball will land just by looking at it spinning on the wheel

Wheel Head – a part of the roulette wheel that has the numbered pockets.

Wheel roller – A croupier dealer

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